In May and June 1940, Bordeaux was the site of the life-saving actions of the Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German occupation. Because of a wine glut (wine lake) in the generic production, the price squeeze induced by an increasingly strong international competition, and vine pull schemes, the number of growers has recently dropped from 14,000 and the area under vine has also decreased significantly. Bordeaux is located in the district "Southwest", here are the results: UMP candidate Dominique Baudis: 26.89%. A crossroads of knowledge through university research, it is home to one of the only two megajoule lasers in the world, as well as a university pole of nearly 100,000 students within the Bordeaux metropolis.[7]. Only rhetoric and grammar were taught. Since 2006, France estimates the population by using census results of different years. Nevada- 6,096 4. Bordeaux (/bɔːrˈdoʊ/ bor-DOH, French: [bɔʁdo] (listen); Gascon Occitan: Bordèu [buɾˈðɛw]) is a port city on the river Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France. This graph shows the number of inhabitants in the city of Bordeaux in France in 2014, by gender. This Party represented the provincial bourgeoisie, favorable towards abolishing aristocracy privileges, but opposed to the Revolution's social dimension. Video of my talk at the Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences Toronto Canada on March 31 2020 8 333 sont artisans, commerçants ou chefs d'entreprise. Explanation: Agglomerations are composed of communes in the boundaries of 1 January 2019. All five road bridges, including the two highway bridges, are open to cyclists and pedestrians as well. Europe Ecology candidate Bove: 15.83%, obtaining two seats. Fearing a bourgeois misappropriation of the Revolution, they executed a great number of Girondists. The massive, reinforced concrete U-boat pens have proved impractical to demolish and are now partly used as a cultural center for exhibitions. Bordeaux is also ranked as a Sufficiency city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. The system was controversial for its considerable cost of installation, maintenance and also for the numerous initial technical problems that paralysed the network. Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The mayor of the French city of Bordeaux called for residents to remain ... 30/03/2019 - 11:15. A fifth bridge, the Pont Jacques-Chaban-Delmas, was constructed in 2009–2012 and opened to traffic in March 2013. During the last stage of the war against Aquitaine (760–768), it was one of Waifer's last important strongholds to fall to the troops of King Pepin the Short. MoDem candidate Robert Rochefort: 8.61%, winning a seat. [45], Today a lot of traces and memorial sites are visible in the city. The summer of 2003 set a record with an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).[23]. In 1808, the University reappeared with Napoleon. U.S. Basque Population by State. For the ocean liner, see, Prefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France, 12th century to 15th century, the English era, French Revolution : political disruption, and loss of the most profitable colony, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, GHCN climate, GISS world climate averages, 1971–2000, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, 2019 European Parliament election in France, Institut of Political Sciences of Bordeaux, École nationale supérieure de chimie et physique de Bordeaux, École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies, Institut des hautes études économiques et commerciales, Institut supérieur européen de gestion group, Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action, World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France, Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty, List of twin towns and sister cities in France, "Bordeaux : Découvrir Bordeaux - Histoire de Bordeaux", "Comparateur de territoire, Unité urbaine de Bordeaux (33701)", "Comparateur de territoire, Aire urbaine de Bordeaux (006)", "Five Reasons To Visit The World's Wine Capital, Bordeaux",, "Classement des villes étudiantes par nombre d'étudiants", "Bordeaux named European destination of the year",,,,,, "World's largest digital arts centre opens in Bordeaux submarine base", "Climatological Information for Bordeaux, France", "Normes et records 1961–1990: Bordeaux-Merignac (33) – altitude 47m", "Bordeaux Wine Region in France: World's Most Famous Fine Wine Region", "Bordeaux : la Cité du vin cernée par les chantiers",,, Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2007 à Bordeaux, Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2012 à Bordeaux,,, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology,,,, "Bordeaux : voici le tracé du tramway qui va desservir l'aéroport", "Bordeaux Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "When Bordeaux city centre became a Formula 1 racing track", "Bordeaux – Rayonnement européen et mondial", "Bordeaux-Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures", "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation", "British towns twinned with French towns", "International Relations of the City of Porto", "Saint Petersburg in figures – International and Interregional Ties", "Samsun- Bordeaux işbirliği sözleşmesini imzalandı", Bordeaux submarine base : history, description, photos, Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, Prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the Vézère valley, Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France,, Port cities and towns on the French Atlantic coast, Articles with French-language sources (fr), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles containing Occitan (post 1500)-language text, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The University Bordeaux 1, (Maths, Physical sciences and Technologies), 10,693 students in 2002, The University Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux Segalen (Medicine and Life sciences), 15,038 students in 2002, The University Bordeaux 3, Michel de Montaigne (, The University Bordeaux 4, Montesquieu (Law, Economy and Management), 12,556 students in 2002, École d'ingénieurs en modélisation mathématique et mécanique, École nationale supérieure d'électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB-MATMECA), École supérieure de technologie des biomolécules de Bordeaux, École nationale d'ingénieurs des travaux agricoles de Bordeaux, Institut des sciences et techniques des aliments de Bordeaux, The Bordeaux MBA (International College of Bordeaux), IUT Techniques de Commercialisation of Bordeaux (business school), Vatel Bordeaux International Business School, CTBA, wood and furniture research center, A. Loisier, 1998, The Management Science faculty on the Bastide, Anne Lacaton/Jean-Philippe Vassal, 2006, The Nuyens School complex on the Bastide, Yves Ballot/Nathalie Franck, 2007, Seeko'o Hotel on the Quai des Chartrons, King Kong architects, 2007, École nationale supérieure d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 23:05. [16] Under the terms of the Treaty of Brétigny it became briefly the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince (1362–1372), but after the Battle of Castillon (1453) it was annexed by France. Bronze Statue of Modeste Testas, African slave deported by two Bordeaux traders and plantation owners. In 1804, Haiti became independent. # A paid bicycle-sharing system with automated stations has been established in 2010. In the heart of Bordeaux is Rue Sainte-Catherine. Bordeaux. La population de Bordeaux compte 217 464 habitants de plus de 15 ans. The old station was later converted and in 2010 comprised a cinema and restaurants. Charlemagne built the fortress of Fronsac (Frontiacus, Franciacus) near Bordeaux on a hill across the border with the Basques (Wascones), where Basque commanders came and pledged their loyalty (769). From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux flourished once more following the marriage of Eléonore, Duchess of Aquitaine and the last of the House of Poitiers, to Henry II Plantagenêt, Count of Anjou and the grandson of Henry I of England, who succeeded to the English crown months after their wedding, bringing into being the vast Angevin Empire, which stretched from the Pyrenees to Ireland. During World War II, Bordeaux fell under the German occupation. The municipality (commune) of Bordeaux proper has a population of 257,804 (2019). The headquarters of Urban Community of Bordeaux Mériadeck is located in the neighbourhood and the city is at the head of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry that bears his name. Bordeaux had its largest population of 267,409 in 1921. The Romans were defeated and their commander, the consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, was killed in battle.[11]. Population trends in different parts of the world are presented in special annual features. Source: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, France (web). [20] That recurred during World War I and again very briefly during World War II, when it became clear that Paris would fall into German hands. Brettanomyces bruxellensis is a spoilage yeast particularly dreaded in red wines where it produces volatile phenols, whose sensorial properties lead to wine spoilage. As of 2014[update], the GDP of Bordeaux is €32.7 Billion. The population of Bordeaux is 241,287 and, of that overall population, demographics show that there are 112,890 males and 128,397 females.